Managing the Natura 2000
Copyrights: Giorgos Petrou
Managing the Natura 2000
Copyrights: Έλενα Ερωτοκρίτου
Managing the Natura 2000
Copyrights: Έλενα Ερωτοκρίτου
TOTAL BUDGET: 16,999,279.00 €
EU CONTRIBUTION: 10,199,035.00 €


The LIFE IP Physis (LIFE 18 IPE/CY/000006) consists of a group of actions all interlinked in a framework with the purpose of making the Natura 2000 network more effective and functional as well as sustainable with the overarching goal of achieving favorable conservation status for habitats and species, particularly of those included in the Habitats and Birds directives. The project throughout its 10-year lifetime proposes actions that that are sequential, building on each other, in order to reach at the end of the project the ultimate goal as described above. For the effective management of the project and the organization of actions during the 10-year period the project

has been divided in four phases named A, B, C and D with a 2,5-year duration each.

The actions proposed in the project will be implemented at a national scale in general, while specific actions for certain species and habitats will be implemented in 35 Natura 2000 sites. The IP has been designed in such a way as to see the Natura 2000 network in a holistic manner, thus encompassing needs “transformed” into actions in several directions including:

Filling the knowledge gaps for species and habitats

Improving the governance of the Natura 2000 network through the introduction of institutional changes such as establishment of management structures and private land management in Natura 2000 sites and by establishing interactive GIS tools through web-based platforms ​

Evaluating ecosystem services and exploit further their socioeconomic dimension ​

Tackling the issue of Invasive Alien Species ​

Conducting and implementing action plans and management plans for species and habitats in order to improve their conservation status​

Implement capacity building actions to reinforce the knowledge base of the stakeholders of the Natura 2000 network

Implementing information and awareness actions and campaigns so that the Natura 2000 network become known and well accepted among the citizens in general and the stakeholders in particular in the island

Monitoring the project’s effectiveness towards achieving the objectives of the Prioritized Action Framework (PAF) for Natura 2000 network in Cyprus​


This preparatory action is divided into two sub-actions which:

  • compose an inventory of the locations of the habitat types and species that are included in Annexes of Directive 92/43/EEC, determining their exact boundaries / distribution in the field and their mapping;
  • conduct a survey to accurately identify and determine the threats and pressures directly and indirectly affecting the habitats’ and species’ vitality and the detailed mapping of these threats and pressures.

The action aims to map and describe existing organizational structures for the management of protected areas / biodiversity, map capacities and gaps, identify potential organisational systems, examine applicability and analyse advantages and disadvantages, define a sustainable mechanism for securing staff resources and competences for nature management on-the-field operations including operational procedures and financing, develop a participatory approach to Natra 2000 site management with emphasis on engaging and involving Local Authorities and NGOs.

The overall objective of this action is to enhance nature conservation on privately owned land in Natura 2000 sites. The active engagement of land-owners in the management of Natura 2000 sites will only bring benefits, by improving the conservation status of habitats and species and by enhancing the long term sustainability of the Natura 2000 network. The concept of land stewardship will be examined further and explored for its potential implementation in Cyprus.

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